Training -Welcome to Bangladesh Institute of Governance and Management


The training program will be conducted under nine modules that are standardized and self-contained. Each module will be designed to fill the gap between what the trainees know and what they need to know. Policy formulation inevitably involves judgment and subjective choices but dispassionate and objective analysis would be promoted in this training program.

Topic :Policy Process
Lectures :10 Session
Objdective :Trainees will learn and acquire skills to deal with the framework and structure of policy analysis.

The framework is the analytical foundation and the structure is the operational steps of policy analysis.

  • What is Public Policy? Features and Scope of Public Policy and Why study Public Policy?
  • What Governments Do, Why They Do it and What Difference It Makes?
  • Policy Analysis Tools: Issue Definition (Defining issue/ problem definition, why issue/ problem definition is important and difficult)
  • Approaches to issue/ problem definition
  • Problem definition, goal setting
  • Identification and analysis of policy alternatives
  • Option analysis: Setting specific goals, describing the methodology of analysis, collecting data
  • Historical analysis, consultations, data organization and analysis, organization and review of results
  • Choice of policies
    • Undertaking the decision making
    • Helping policy makers to make informed decision
  • Operationalization of the policy framework: Policy instruments
Topic : Policy formulation
Lectures : 10 Session
Objective:The trainees will learn about how to go about formulating policies in specific areas of interest and the constraints in policy making.

Lectures will be designed to raise their competence and understanding of selected areas like:

  • Capabilities of States: Actors in the Policy Process
  • Elected officials and Appointed officials in the process
  • Interest groups, Research Organization, Mass media
  • Organization ofthe State, Society and International System
  • Policy Communities and Policy Networks
  • Public policy decision-making
  • Management of the economy and the public life
  • The political economy of policy making
  • Management of national and individual (collective/communal) security
  • Management of the national natural resources and the environment
Topic : Policy implementation, evaluation and re-formulation
Lectures : 10 Session
Objective: The trainees will get familiar with alternative policy implementation arrangements, which one to choose under what circumstances, the key players in implementation and the implementation obstacles and the ways to overcome them. An important part is the creation of legal instruments to facilitate policy implementation. Bringing public and private sector and the civil society together in one cause that is effective policy implementation will be an important element of trainee capacity development. The trainees will also be taught about the methodology of evaluating effects and impacts of policies.
  • Forecasting in Policy Analysis
  • Recommending preferred policies: Cost Benefit Analysis
  • Implementation as part of policymaking: Why ‘perfect implementation’ is unattainable?
  • Models of Policy Implementation: Interactive model, Linear Model, Top Down Model, Bottom-up and Hybrid Theories of Implementation
  • The need for policy evaluation: Monitoring: Approaches and techniques
  • Evaluating policy performance: Problems of analyzing the impact of public policy
  • Who should carry out evaluation: Techniques for systematic evaluation
  • The consumption and utilization of evaluation
  • Ways of dealing with legal statutes, legislature and legislation
  • Developing Policy Arguments: The structure and modes of Policy Arguments

Trainees will be required to come up with their own suggested arrangements for regular review, evaluation and dissemination of lessons learnt (what worked & best practice). They will learn about steps in policy evaluation from study of legislative history collection, processing and analysis of data for evaluation. Trainees will develop capacity to answer the basic question:

Overall, was the policy a “success” or a “failure”? Trainees will have to be able to reformulate policies on the basis of implementation feedback and evaluation.

Topic : Quantitative and qualitative tools for Policy Analysis
Lectures : 10 Session
Objective: Trainees will be taught about the instruments of gathering evidence for policy making and helping policy makers to make informed choices.

Quantitative analysis will focus on the application of statistical and/or mathematical techniques including:

  • Data gathering and analysis, charts and graphs and qualitative analysis (non-technical approach) to studying a problem/issue
  • Operations Research
  • Analysis of variance, regression and cost-benefit analysis (briefly revisited)
  • Gravity Model
  • Multiple Criteria Analysis: decision making based on analytics,
  • Critical Path Method(CPM) and program evaluation and review techniques (PERT)

Qualitative method includes case studies, document analysis and interviews. The module will elaborate on:

  • How to conceptualize, operationalize concepts in social science and comprehend the context, people and the interaction
  • Stakeholder analysis / Stakeholder Mapping: A practical tool for public sector managers
  • PESTLE Analysis

The module will show how to use both techniques to address an issue.Finally, trainees will be taught about the language of policy and the art of report writing.They will draft policy notes, policy briefs, policy statements and legal documents.

  • Communicating Policy Analysis: Drafting policy notes, policy briefs, policy statements and legal documents
Topic :Economics and financial management
Lectures : 10 Session
Objective: Trainees will acquire knowledge/skills about economic and financial tools and techniques

One half of the lectures will be devoted to intermediate to advances techniques of economic analysis in:

Economic Management

  • Microeconomic and macroeconomic management: Issues/policies
  • Trade/International finance issues: Domestic and global context
  • Fiscal and monetary policy
  • Labor and welfare economics
  • Growth and developmental in the context SDGs and middle income transitions and trips

The second half of the lecture series will be devoted to financial management and overall management practices and their roles in development. Trainees will learn what the literature says about financial management, namely, “Financial Management means planning, organizing, directing and controlling the financial activities such as procurement and utilization of funds of the enterprise. It means applying general management principles to financial resources of the enterprise.”

Financial Management

  • Financial planning - resource mobilization, allocation and utilization
  • Procurement rules, transparency and accountability
  • Financial Integrity and financial controls: Internal control and internal auditing.

Finance and Development

  • Role of an efficient financial system for private and public investment
  • Financial sector development agenda and financial integration
Topic :Human Resource, Reforms and Governance
Lectures : 10 Session
Objective: It will acquaint the trainees with issues of human resource management, reforms and governance that to a large extent shape the policy analyses issues (with cross-country and global experiences).

Human Resource Management-

  • Behaviour, management and economic development
  • Strategic management: Negotiation and leadership
  • Arguing, bargaining and getting agreement


  • Globalization and public sector reforms
  • Implementing policy reform: rightsizing and restructuring
  • Economic policy reform in developing countries


  • Limits to Public Intervention: Government Failures and good governance
  • Correcting Market and Government Failures: Generic policies: Freeing, facilitating, and stimulating markets (Using subsidies and taxes to alter incentives, establishing rules, supplying goods and providing insurance)
  • Initiatives for enhancing good governance: Right to Information, NIS, Citizen’s Charter, Grievance Redress System, Public Hearing
  • Improving performance and service delivery: Innovations, Performance Agreement and Service Process Simplification
Topic :Human Resource, Reforms and Governance
Lectures : 10 Session
Objective: Trainees will be briefed extensively on social, cultural and climate/environmental issues.

Social and Cultural Contexts-

  • Social dynamics: Social and cultural factors in Policy Making
  • Historical and anthropological roots: Social psyche
  • Regional and global relations
  • Education Policies and Issues
  • Health Policies: Child and Women issues
  • Land Management and policy issues
  • Water resource management

Environmental issues will be highlighted with special reference to threats posed to Bangladesh

  • Environmental issues and concerns, eco-profile of Bangladesh
  • Environmental Plans and Policies
  • Climate Change and Bangladesh’s vulnerabilities and coping with vulnerabilities and adaptation measures
Topic :Priority Sector Analysis
Lectures : 10 Session
Objective: Trainees will be briefed, acquired knowledge about the priority sector analysis such as Transportation and Communication, Energy Sector, e-Governance etc. Lectures will be designed to help trainees develop deeper insights into the workings of priority economic/industrial sectors of Bangladesh in light of the global evolution and market trends.


  • Understanding E-government: Approaches to Management of E-government System
  • E-government Strategy: Managing Public Data and its implication for public policy

Export-potential sectors

  • Ports and their management
  • RMG and Textiles
  • Light-engineering and ship-building
  • leather and food-wear
  • Agro-processing industries
  • Infrastructure: Transport and communication
  • Energy

Employment Investment

  • Population dividend and employment policy
Topic :Policy Issue papers on Case studies
Lectures :40 Session (4 Weeks)
Objective:Imparting more hands-on skills.

Trainees will study the field and in consultation with the relevant ministries/industries undertake policy analysis on agreed issue (s) from scratch going through all the steps including ex-post evaluation.

Trainees are expected to prepare policy case studies which will be the basis of their performance evaluation in the training program. This will be done under the guidance of a mentor. There will be no other written or oral test, although trainees will remain under a close observation of the program management throughout the 12-week period. The case studies should try to bring in the lessons from other relevant country examples in the region. These lessons then could be customized to our socio-economic-political conditions and growth history.